Mixed Martial Arts
This is a full-contact sport that combines all fighting styles into one, thus including strikes and grappling holds (wrestling, submissions and chokes), both standing and on the ground. The best techniques of all martial arts and combat sports are used. Standing out is Muay Thai (the Art of Eight Limbs), the Thai striking sport involving punches, kicks, elbows, knees and clinches, along with Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu, which involves taking an opponent to the ground and utilizing techniques to lead an opponent into submission through holds involving joint-locks and chokeholds. Boxing, the use purely of punches to the upper body and face, is also prominent in MMA, as well as Kickboxing (punches and kicks). Wrestling techniques are used to take an opponent to the ground and secure a superior position.
With the founding of UFC (Ultimate Fighting Championship), in 1993, this sport had the goal to pit different fighting styles against each other to see who would come out on top, who would the most effective fighter independent of the fight style.
WAYS TO WIN
Submission: Physical or verbal tap out.
Knockout (KO): Athlete is knocked unconscious due to strikes or impact.
Technical knockout (TKO): The referee stops the contest.
SCORE CARD DECISIONS:
Unanimous: All judges pick the same athlete as the winner.
Split: Two judges pick one athlete. The other judge picks the other athlete.
Majority: Two judges pick the same athlete as the winner. The final judge says fight was a draw.
Draw: Unanimous, majority or split
Muay Thai is a martial art from Thailand that uses stand-up striking along with various clinching techniques. Muay Thai is referred to as the “Art of Eight Limbs” or the “Science Of Eight Limbs” because it makes use of punches, kicks, elbows and knee strikes
Boxing is a combat sport in which two people fight one another with their fists. The sport can be practised competitively, but is also a fun way to get a good workout. Boxing is great for increasing fitness, stamina, agility and strength as well as helping you to lose weight and tone up
A combat sport involving grappling type techniques such as clinch fighting, throws and take downs, joint locks, pins and other grappling holds. The sport can either be theatrical for entertainment, or genuinely competitive. A wrestling bout is a physical competition, between two (occasionally more) competitors or sparring partners, who attempt to gain and maintain a superior position. There are a wide range of styles with varying rules with both traditional historic and modern styles.
Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu emphasizes taking an opponent to the ground and utilizing ground fighting techniques and submission holds involving joint-locks and chokeholds also found in numerous other arts with or without ground fighting emphasis.